Jiangsu LIKEN Technology Co., Ltd.
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Auto parts manufacturers, China's auto industry is not strong, the biggest problem is that China's auto industry does not have a complete spare parts procurement system." In an interview with reporters, Lifan industry (Group) deputy general manager of Import & Export Co. Ltd. is Yao Zheng bluntly, "if the independent brand car can not establish their own procurement system, our auto industry will remain at the initial stage of simple production, development and subject to the parts."
Yao Zhengcheng said, the complete parts procurement system is a kind of host plant as the core, the leading parts through the "simplified, poly zero for the whole system" is used, it can not only reduce production costs, improve product quality, but also can promote the automobile enterprises to a great extent of innovation.
In the transnational automobile brand enterprise, the complete part purchase system has already been very mature, and these purchase system scale is huge, the structure is complex. It is reported that a number of multinational brand vehicle procurement system can even from the initial research and development of the entire vehicle to the production of models, as well as the sharing and matching between different models. For example, in the modern production line in Beijing, a flexible assembly line can be based on market orders, at the same time change or assembly of different models. This assembly is due to the use of modern group parts procurement system.
Currently, including Germany, the United States, Japan, South Korea, including almost all of the vehicle plant has its own parts procurement system and related standards. Compared with foreign automobile manufacturing enterprises, China's own brand has not established its own complete parts procurement system. Most enterprise parts procurement system can only do a single production line or a single vehicle bulk purchase, some enterprises and even fewer parts procurement, in parts, mainly in self-sufficiency.
The analysis, which is mainly due to China's automobile industry started late, development power shortage, caused by technology is not strong and other factors, especially the most current domestic independent brands do not have a comprehensive system of positive development. In addition, due to the sales of the independent brand automobile products is not enough, not enough to form a platform for the development and production of cars, so the vehicle development of China's own brand of mostly single development oriented, in terms of spare parts procurement is more of a customized procurement mode of single vehicle parts. More from abroad to business performance oriented parts procurement system position, domestic independent brand models because the product price is quite low, so the independent brand enterprises in the procurement of spare parts is the principle cost control system. This will make the enterprise pay attention to parts of the product cost in the procurement in a certain level, but does not pay attention to product quality, makes the independent brand product quality is also very difficult to compete with the joint venture or imported cars, and has been given to the low quality image.
In fact, the complete parts procurement system is not only able to play a specific role in the production of the vehicle, but also can effectively control the quality of the vehicle. Well known? About 70% of the parts and components of the Toyota Auto Body Co to implement external procurement. It is understood that TOYOTA's automobile manufacturing from the development to the production of various stages, are common with the foreign enterprises to complete the. So? Today, TOYOTA has a strong international competitiveness of the car and its high quality automotive products, to a large extent, it is also due to the establishment of a strict, scientific and continuous improvement of parts procurement system.
It is worth noting that the integrity of the parts procurement system, the independent brand models and components of the enterprise's R & D and innovation play a positive role. For example, in the platform of vehicle development, the complete parts procurement system can also promote the formation of a comprehensive independent brand enterprise development system. And for some parts, the vehicle plant can introduce some parts enterprises to develop cooperation. On the one hand, it can work together with the spare parts enterprises to solve the problems related to the design of parts and components, on the other hand, it can also promote the development of parts and components enterprises. In addition, auto parts enterprises to enter the vehicle plant in the procurement system, must meet the basic requirements of the vehicle plant in terms of quality, service, technology and price.
Although China has become the world's largest car market, but from the perspective of the automobile industry, China's automobile development is still quite weak, and the automobile industry to establish a complete parts procurement system will also become an inevitable trend. But the key problem is that we need to understand, learn how to use and innovate. Therefore, it is of great significance to improve the competitiveness of China's auto industry and the challenge of entering WTO through studying and studying the advanced production methods.
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